Discovering Your South Carolina Roots

The 21st Regiment of the South Carolina Infantry

The 21st Regiment of the South Carolina Infantry

A brief synopsis of the 21st Infantry Regiment, it was organized in November 12, 1861, with men from what is known as the Pee Dee region of the state. It served for some time in the Charleston area attached to General Hagood’s Brigade in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. During the spring of 1864 it moved to Virginia and was active at Drewry’s Bluff and Cold Harbor.


Cold Harbour

Cold Harbor Battlefield


The unit continued the fight in the Petersburg trenches, then took part in the North Carolina operations. On Morris Island, July 10-11, it lost 14 killed, 112 wounded, and 56 missing, and on August 7, there were 20 officers and 277 men fit for duty. The regiment reported 133 casualties from May 6-9, 1864, in front of Petersburg, 75 at Deep Bottom, and 61 at the Weldon Railroad.

All of the men defending Fort Fisher were captured and the few who later served in the regiment surrendered with the Army of Tennessee. The field officers were Colonel Robert F. Graham, Lieutenant Colonels Alonzo T. Dargan and George W. McIver, and Majors J. Harleston and S.H. Wilds.

A Company – Captain J. Harleston Read; Captain Thomas Ford
B Company – (also known as Wilds’ Rifles), many men from Darlington District (County): Captain Samuel H. Wilds
C Company – (also known as Clarendon Guards): Captain Y.N. Butler D Company – Captain Milford G. Tarr
E Company – Captain B.T. Davis; Captain A.W. Davis
F Company – many men from Marlboro District (County): Captain J. Alexander W. Thomas
G Company – Captain E.C. Stockton; Captain Robert Dickenson; Captain R.W. Reddy
H Company – Captain John F.A. Elliott; Captain Hartwell Spain; Captain D.G. DuBose
I Company – Captain Evander M. Woodbury; Captain Richard G. Howard
K Company – (also known as Timmonsville Minute Men): Captain James W. Owens
L Company – Captain Neal C. McDuffie; Captain Hanibal LeGette; Captain William C. Baker

Battles the SC 21st were involved in:
Charleston Harbor (April 7, 1863 and August-September 1863)

Port Walthall Junction (May 6, 1864)
Swift Creek (May 9, 1864)
Drewry’s Bluff (May 9th, 12th, and 16th, 1864)
Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864)
Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
Weldon Railroad (August 21, 1864)
2nd Fort Harrison (September 30, 1864)

2nd Fort Fisher (January 13-15, 1865)
Carolinas Campaign (February-April 1865)
Bentonville (March 19-21, 1865).

You can read more about the SC 21st in the Memoirs of the War of the Secession by General Johnson Hagood. There is also another book you might try to find called The History of Co. B, 21st Regiment (Infantry), South Carolina Volunteers, Confederate States Provisional Army by Henry Kershaw DuBose, Columbia, R. L. Bryan Co., 1909.

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